What is Bhim-Koregaon battle?
The Koregaon Ranstambh or Koregaon victory pillar is a monument in the village of Bhim-Koregaon in the memory of battle led by Bristish East India Company, which actually was supported by the Dalits, Mahars to be specific. Only a troop of 834, majority of them being the dalits, defeated Peshwa Bajirao. This ended the Peshwa domination in Maharashtra.
Ambedkar visited the battle site of Bhim-Koregaon on 1st January, 1927, which revoked the memory, making it a reason to rally and showcase the pride. Bhim-Koregaon Ranstambh Seva Sangh was established only a few years back in 2005, needless is to say that the actual reason behind it is political gain. Being backed by political groups, lakhs of visitors from around the nation are joining the rally these days. In fact, not just from Maharashtra, people are deliberately being driven from other states like Uttar Pradesh for the showcase.
However, the Elgaar Parishad, an occurrence remembering the bicentenary of the battle, caused anger among right-wing activists, those who claimed that the police is stopping them to set their stage at the Shaniwarwada fort, the former place of Peshwa empire.
The Dalit–Maratha rift
Mahars are basically the dalits. Peshwas are mostly the Brahmins. The rift between both grew after demise of Baji Rao, which touched the ultimatum during the era of Bajirao II. As per the stories, Bajirao II had rejected the offer of Mahars of joining the army. To take revenge, Mahars joined English army.